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Vancouver reference style

Table of Content


Implementation of the Vancouver reference style. This style uses numeric in-text citations based on the order of the first appearance of a source in the text.

 (1) Breckling J, editor. The Analysis of Directional Time Series: Applications to Wind Speed and 
     Direction Berlin: Springer; 1989.
 (2) Rose HE. In A Course in Number Theory. New York: Oxford Univ. Press; 1988.
 (3) Bul BK. In Theory Principles and Design of Magnetic Circuits. Moscow: Energia Press; 1964.
     p. 464.
 (4) Sorin WV. Optical Reflectometry for Component Characterization. In Derickson D, editor. Fiber 
     Optic Test and Measurement. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall; 1998.
(10) Anderson JB, Tepe K. Properties of the Tailbiting BCJR Decoder. In Codes, Systems and 
     Graphical Models. New York: Springer-Verlag; 2000.
(11) Hedelin P, Knagenhjelm P, Skoglund M. Theory for Transmission of Vector Quantization Data. 
     In Kleijn WB, Paliwal KK, editors. Speech Coding and Synthesis. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science; 
     1995. p. 347-396.



Based On

Supported Types

The current version of the style supports the following types and subtypes.
  • ArticleInAPeriodical
  • Book
  • BookSection
  • ConferenceProceedings
  • DocumentFromInternetSite
  • ElectronicSource
  • InternetSite
  • JournalArticle
    • ElectronicArticle
  • Misc
  • Patent
  • Report
    • Thesis
Note: To use the subtypes (e.g. Thesis), enter the data using the base type (e.g. Report) and set the Type field of the source to the value of the subtype (e.g. Thesis).


  • You can change the surrounding brackets for in-text citations by changing the contents of the openbracket and closebracket elements.
  • You can change how the numbers in the first column of the bibliography are displayed by changing the format element of the first column. Note that you have to do this for each type separately.
    • Number between round brackets (current implementation): "(1)"
  • Number between square brackets: "[1]"
  • Number followed by a period: "1."

Last edited Oct 13, 2008 at 9:40 AM by Yves, version 1


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