Vancouver Reference Style

Table of Content


Implementation of the Vancouver reference style. This style uses numeric in-text citations based on the order of the first appearance of a source in the text.

 (1) Breckling J, editor. The Analysis of Directional Time Series: Applications to Wind Speed and 
     Direction Berlin: Springer; 1989.
 (2) Rose HE. In A Course in Number Theory. New York: Oxford Univ. Press; 1988.
 (3) Bul BK. In Theory Principles and Design of Magnetic Circuits. Moscow: Energia Press; 1964.
     p. 464.
 (4) Sorin WV. Optical Reflectometry for Component Characterization. In Derickson D, editor. Fiber 
     Optic Test and Measurement. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall; 1998.
(10) Anderson JB, Tepe K. Properties of the Tailbiting BCJR Decoder. In Codes, Systems and 
     Graphical Models. New York: Springer-Verlag; 2000.
(11) Hedelin P, Knagenhjelm P, Skoglund M. Theory for Transmission of Vector Quantization Data. 
     In Kleijn WB, Paliwal KK, editors. Speech Coding and Synthesis. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science; 
     1995. p. 347-396.


vancouver.xsl - the file can be found in the styles collection

Based On

Supported Types

The current version of the style supports the following types and subtypes.
  • ArticleInAPeriodical
  • Book
  • BookSection
  • ConferenceProceedings
  • DocumentFromInternetSite
  • ElectronicSource
  • InternetSite
  • JournalArticle
    • ElectronicArticle
  • Misc
  • Patent
  • Report
    • Thesis
Note: To use the subtypes (e.g. Thesis), enter the data using the base type (e.g. Report) and set the Type field of the source to the value of the subtype (e.g. Thesis).


  • You can change the surrounding brackets for in-text citations by changing the contents of the openbracket and closebracket elements.
  • You can change the look of the numbers in the first column of the bibliography by changing the format element of the first column (column id="1"). Note that you have to do this for each type separately. Some examples are:
  <!-- Number between round brackets (current implementation). Example: (1) -->
  <!-- Number between square brackets. Example: [1] -->
  <!-- Number followed by a period. Example: 1. -->

Last edited Oct 13, 2008 at 9:02 AM by Yves, version 3


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